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Glossary

General Terms
Apron: A skirt of wood running between the legs of a chair or cabinet.
 
Cane Inlay: Decorative design, weaving with split rattan or bamboo fiber for seats or beds set into the surface of a piece of furniture.
 
Embossed: Put Raised design or painting on Leather or wood
 
Feng Shui: Chinese practice of arranging elements to achieve the greatest harmony and balance
 
Grain: A pattern that is formed in wood by its fibers.
 
Hardwood: Timber from any tree that is not a conifer; wood known for its strength and durability.
 
Horsehoof: Style of table or chair leg that resembles the hoof of a horse of Chinese antique furniture.
 
Joinery: Constructed with dovetail or other joints instead of nails
 
Lacquer: red or black coating that imparts a high gloss to surfaces. Asian varnish made from tree gum.
 
Mount: A decorative fitting attached to furniture (often of metal, ormolu or ceramic).
 
Plain hardwood: furniture made of woods such as hua li, which are waxed but left unlacquered
 
Rail: A horizontal bar running between the legs or uprights of a piece.
 
Softwood: Timber of coniferous trees; wood that is easy to cut.
 
Splat: The central upright of a chair back.
 
Stretcher: The horizontal bar joining and stabilizing the legs of a chair or table. Supports between legs of chairs, tables or benches - shape is straight or Humpback of chinese antique furniture.
 
Common Chinese Wood Names

English

Chinese

Brief Description

Burl Wood Ying Mu Found on the root or trunk of any trees, in oval lump shape or twisted knots
Beech Wood Ju Mu Also called Southern Elm
Chicken Wing Wood Ji Chi Mu
Camphor Wood Zhang Mu
Elm Wood Yu Mu Ulmus, Northern Elm,  is traditionally the most common softwood used in making furniture in North China
Huanghuali Huang Hua Li
Walnut He Tao Mu